Perennial herb. The bulb has a conical shape with a diameter of about 2-3 cm, and the outer surface is yellowish to tan, with fleshy scales of 2-5 pieces. The stems and leaves are smooth and white powder. Leaves 3-5, lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, entire into a wavy, often hairy, 2-3 broad and basal. Flowers solitary stalks, large, erect, cup-shaped, magenta, bright yellow to purplish red, urate urate at base, 6 perianth segments, free, obovate-oblong, 3-3-5 months. The back of the hazelnut chamber is cracked and the seeds are flat.
Tulips are native to the Mediterranean coast and in Central Asia, Turkey and other places. Due to the climate of the Mediterranean Sea, the tulip is adapted to the characteristics of wet and cold in winter and dry heat in summer. It has summer dormancy, rooting in autumn and winter and sprouting sprouts but not unearthed. It needs to start in the second year of February after the low temperature in winter (the temperature is above 5 °C). Stretching and growing to form stems and leaves, flowering characteristics from March to April. The growth temperature of flowering is 15-20 °C. Flower bud differentiation is carried out during the storage of the bulbs from the pots when the stems and leaves turn yellow. The temperature suitable for differentiation is 20 to 25 ° C, and the maximum temperature should not exceed 28 ° C.
Tulips are long-day flowers, and they are sunny and sheltered from the wind, warm and humid in winter, and cool and dry in summer. It can grow normally above 8 °C, and generally can withstand low temperatures of -14 °C. Cold resistance is very strong. If there is thick snow in the cold area, the bulbs can be wintering in the open field, but it is afraid of the heat. If the summer comes early and the summer is very hot, the bulbs will be difficult to summer after sleeping. A slightly acidic sandy loam with rich humus, loose and fertile, and well-drained is required. Avoid alkaline soil and continuous cropping.